Tag Archives: King Tut

Weekly Gallery Chat Says GoodBye To King Tut’s Tomb

 

” A Pale Green Mermaid Blog “

  

As we bid a fond farewell to King Tut’s tomb let us take a look back at some of the items  not discussed and read a final warning to all who spend their time discovering…

( Look for me in the Yucatan peninsula in about 5 years  – I know there is an undiscovered mayan pyramid yet… to be found…I am dead serious…)

 

 

 

 

 

Egypt Feature Story below  from  www.touregypt.net

Politics and the King Tut Discovery

by Jimmy Dunn

Howard Carter, Pierre Lacau and members of the Egyptian government in front of the tomb of Seti II Politics have always taken an important part in Egyptian archaeology, as they continue to do today. As we gaze upon the wonders of the Tutankhamun treasures, it should come as no big surprise that politics also played a big part in that discovery, becoming in fact the real curse of King Tut’s tomb.

In general, many of the worlds greatest scholars, even today, are not some of the world’s greatest politicians, even though their work often comes under political scrutiny. This can also be said about Howard Carter, so the death of his financier and the more politically savvy Lord Carnarvon on April 5, 1923 could not have come at a worst time. Afterwards, irregardless of how proficient Howard Carter was as an excavator, he proved to be a very poor diplomat at a time when the whole Tut Article from The Times of Londontomb affair had become a very tricky political situation.

The disaster was actually initiated by Lord Carnarvon himself when, on January 9th, 1923, he signed a contract with The Times of London, giving them exclusive rights to the details of the Tutankhamun discovery. It seemed like a good idea at the time, both financially and practically, but in reality it turned out otherwise. First of all, the agreement with The Times was felt to be an affront by not only the news media in Egypt, but the news media throughout the rest of the world as well. One must always keep in mind that this was a time of limited media, before the age of television, radio and the numerous media that so impact our world today. Thereafter, Howard Carter and his team had to suffer what might be called guerilla warfare and general mischief making from the desperate Time’s competitors. One of them, the Daily Mail, even employed one of Carters old rivals, Arthur Weigall, as their special correspondent.

According to Aruther Mace, a member of the Tutankhamun excavation team, in a letter to his wife Winifred:

“…the atmosphere of Luxor is rather nerve-wracking at present. The Winter Palace is a scream. No one talks of anything but the tomb, newspaper men swarm, and you daren’t say a word without looking round everywhere to see if anyone is listening. Some of them are trying to make mischief between Carnarvon and the Department of Antiquities, and all Luxor takes sides on way or the other. Archaeology plus journalism is bad enough, but when you add Politics it becomes a little to much…”

Furthermore, this was a difficult time in Egypt. There was a serious and growing movement for an independent Egyptian state, even though it would take another three decades to achieve. For those involved in the movement, known as Nationalists, the Times agreement provided a big Artical from a competing newspaper of the timesstick with which to beat not only the British “colonialists”, but foreigners in general. It would eventually result in the Tut expedition’s undoing, at least for a while.

After the official “discovery” of the tomb on February 16, 1923, and the revelation that the boy king laid undisturbed within his tomb, there was a growing pressure to make the find public. There was also the legal question of the treasure’s division. If the tomb was classified as “intact”, the Egyptian Government would, under the terms of the concession, be entitled to deny the excavators’ claims to any share of the objects that were recovered.

Indeed, the issue of how best to deal with the discovery created difficulties between Carter and Carnarvon which ultimately resulted in a falling out between the two men. On February 23rd, 1923, Carter went so far as to demand that Carnarvon never enter his house again. Yet, that did not prevent the cloud of doom that fell over the expedition camp following Lord Carnarvon‘s death some months later. Lord Carnarvon had not only been their sponsor, but an influential one as well.

Howard Carter and Lord Carnarvon in the tombBetween the first and second excavation season, Carter spend the summer in England, where he managed to persuade Lady Carnarvon to renew the concession under her own name. She readily agreed to this, but she also renewed the Times contract which had been the cause of so much grief the previous season.

By October of 1923, Carter was back in Egypt to begin his second season at the tomb, but thanks to his poor handling of the political situation, even more problems would arise this season. It began when Carter, with a clear aim of circumventing a call from journalists that all or none be present when an announcement on the find was made, decided that Merton, the Time’s correspondent, would no longer be regarded as a journalist but as a member of the excavation team. Hence, the Times would still get the news first.

At the same time, the Egyptian Government, and in particular Pierre Lacau who was now the Director General of the Antiquities Service, had been under increasing pressure to take action over the Times monopoly, especially by the Nationalists who resented considerably the lack of Egyptian involvement in the Tut excavation. At the time, a sound political move would have been for Carter to immediately brief the Egyptian press, which would have probably gone a long way in smoothing over the situation. Yet stubbornly, Carter refused to budge on the matter. It would not take long for the tension between Carter and Lacau to escalate into downright unpleasantness.

Matters finally came to a head following the official lifting of the sarcophagus lid on February 12th, 1924. Carter intended to allow the wives of the expedition members to visit the tomb the following day. However, this was thwarted by the newly appointed Nationalist Minister of Public Works, Morcos Bey Hanna. Hanna was certainly no friend of the English, who had attempted to have him hanged for his political activities some years before, and Carter could see nothing in the Minister’s action except a personal affront to himself, his colleagues and to England. On the other hand, Mace, one of Carter’s principal team members, simply saw it as petty jealousy, “spoiling the dream of every Egyptologist”.

In a letter to his mother, Winifred Mace remarked:

“The whole is a disagreeable business and Carter is such an autocrat that to be thwarted at every turn takes all reason from him.”

Thus, “looking desperately ill and in a fury”, Carter carried out an earlier threat and closed the tomb, leaving the sarcophagus lid hanging precariously by its ropes. He then posted a notice in A pamphlet privately printed by Howard Carterthe lobby of the Winter Palace in Luxor explaining the reason for his actions:

“Owing to the impossible restrictions and discourtesies of the Egyptian Public Works Department and its antiquity service, all my collaborators, as a protest, have refused to work any further upon their scientific investigations in the tomb”.

That was Howard Carter‘s biggest mistake. By closing the tomb, he had played into Lacau’s hands, violating the terms of his concession and allowing Lacau to void the agreement. Afterwards, the Egyptian Government declared that it would finish the work. Legal action on the part of Carter to re-establish the concession came to nothing, and he, fuming with indignation and frustration at having been so completely outmaneuvered, soon left for England and an American lecture tour.

Meanwhile, in Egypt things when from bad to worst, with the discovery of a gessoed wooden head of the boy king packed as if ready to be shipped out of the country. Furthermore, Carter privately published a pamphlet containing “a full statement of the facts which have led us to the present position with the Egyptian government”. One of the appendices removed by Carter from many copies of the booklet contained embarrassing transcripts of Herbert Winlock’s coded telegrams and letters warning Carter of problems. The printing of this ill-judged pamphlet cost Carter the support of many friends and allies.

Were it not for the terrorist murder of the British Sirdar, Sir Lee Stack, on November 19th, Carter might very well have never returned to Egypt. Afterwards, the British tightened their control over Egypt, which included disbanding the Nationalist Government, which allowed Carter to return to his excavation, though now on Egyptian terms.

Howard Carter Working in the Tomb of TutankhamunHe received the new concession, still in Lady Carnarvon’s name, on January 13th, 1925. Under the new agreement, The Times of London would loose its monopoly on the discovery news, and the Carnarvon estate, despite vague promises of one or two duplicates when the tomb had been fully cleared, was required to abandon any formal claim to the king’s treasures. As compensation for the expenses incurred during the excavation, the Carnarvon estate was given the sum of 36,000 pounds sterling in 1930, which marked the end of the Carnarvon financial commitment to the excavation. The final seasons would be financed by the Egyptian government and by Howard Carter himself.

In the end, there was considerable relief when Carter took back the excavation, even by Lacau. It was a monumental task, and as Winlock remarked, “there is no better person to whom this dedicated stuff could have been entrusted”. While Carter may not have been a good politician, he was unquestionably a great excavator, and in truth, it was a job that no one else wanted. Work on clearing the tomb and conserving the objects would continue for  more than seven years, and the study of its contents and preparation for publication would hang as a burden around Carter’s neck for the rest of his life.

 

 

Adieu King Tutankhamun

Leave a comment

Filed under Egypt

Gallery Chat Special – A Walk Through King Tut’s Tomb With Howard Carter / Seis

” A Pale Green Mermaid Blog “

 

The burial chamber was surrounded by walls filled with images of egyptian life,

 The layout of the full tomb below courtesy of www.eyewitnesstohistory.com ,

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Howard Carter wrote,

‘It was, beyond any question, the sepulchral chamber in which we stood, for there, towering above us, was one of the great gilt shrines beneath which kings were laid. So enormous was this structure (17 feet by 11 feet, and 9 feet high, we found afterwards) that it filled within a little the entire area of the chamber, a space of some two feet only separating it from the walls on all four sides, while its roof, with cornice top and torus moulding, reached almost to the ceiling. From top to bottom it was overlaid with gold, and upon its sides there were inlaid panels of brilliant blue faience, in which were represented, repeated over and over, the magic symbols which would ensure its strength and safety. Around the shrine, resting upon the ground, there were a number of funerary emblems, and, at the north end, the seven magic oars the king would need to ferry himself across the waters of the underworld. The walls of the chamber, unlike those of the Antechamber, were decorated with brightly painted scenes and inscriptions, brilliant in their colours, but evidently somewhat hastily executed. “

  

Outside the tomb the press waited,

After opening the first sarcophagus the cleaning and cataloging began,

Inside the sarcophagus lay still more treasures and secrets…

 

To be continued…

 

Note:

www.globalegyptianmuseum.org   Egyptian Museum, Cairo, Egypt 

www.britishmuseum.org  The British Museum, London, England 

www.metmuseum.org    The Metreopolitan Museum of Art, New York, USA

IMAGES from Google

 

Leave a comment

Filed under Egypt

Gallery Chat Special – A Walk Through King Tut’s Tomb With Howard Carter / Quatro

” A Pale Green Mermaid Blog “

 

The sealed door discovered in the back wall of the antechamber was opened, cluttered and haphazardly stacked treasure filled the room,

This was a room held many of King Tutankhamun’s ushabti’s,below is one example,

A Ushabti figure

Tutankhamun’s tomb contained 413 Ushabti figures, intended to represent the king and to help him with certain duties in the afterlife. Some are very simple, but others, such as the one here, were carved from wood and are portraits of the king.

The figure is shown as a wrapped mummy wearing a gilded crown and holding the royal emblems, the Crook and the Flail.

By Robert Partridge – from ancient history in depth BBC

  

Another sealed door was discovered in the antechamber, it lead to…

To be continued…

 

 

Leave a comment

Filed under Egypt

Gallery Chat Special – A Walk Through King Tut’s Tomb With Howard Carter / Tres

” A Pale Green Mermaid Blog “

 

As he looked into the tomb, Howard Carter’s own words below,

With trembling hands I made a tiny breach in the upper left-hand corner. Darkness and blank space, as far as an iron testing-rod could reach, showed that whatever lay beyond was empty, and not filled like the passage we had just cleared. Candle tests were applied as a precaution against possible foul gases, and then, widening the hold a little, I inserted the candle and peered in, Lord Carnarvon, Lady Evelyn and Callender standing anxiously beside me to hear the verdict. At first I could see nothing, the hot air escaping from the chamber causing the candle flame to flicker, but presently, as my eyes grew accustomed to the light, details of the room within emerged slowly from the mist, strange animals, statues, and gold – everywhere the glint of gold. For the moment – an eternity it must have seemed to the others standing by – I was struck dumb with amazement, and when Lord Carnarvon, unable to stand the suspense any longer, inquired anxiously, “Can you see anything?” it was all I could do to get out the words, “Yes, wonderful things.”5

Lord Carnarvon was Howard Carter’s benefactor and funder of the expedition.

outside the tomb the excavation site looked ordinary,

 

Looking further into the tomb Howard Carter saw underneath a couch in the first room (antechamber) of the burial site…another sealed door…

To be continued…

Note:

Lord Carnarvon Lady Evelyn Carnarvon and Howard Carter-

A statue found in the antechamber,

All Images from Google

 

Note:

www.globalegyptianmuseum.org   Egyptian Museum, Cairo, Egypt 

www.britishmuseum.org  The British Museum, London, England 

www.metmuseum.org    The Metreopolitan Museum of Art, New York, USA

Leave a comment

Filed under Egypt

Gallery Chat Special – A Walk Through King Tut’s Tomb With Howard Carter / Dos

” A Pale Green Mermaid Blog “

 

Here is the scene as it looked when Howard Carter entered the first chamber, 

another view of the cluttered and stacked treasures,

Disarray within the Tomb of Tutankhamun

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Another view,

 

 

 

To be continued…

Note:

Below text and image from Wikipedia,

Howard Carter (9 May 1874 – 2 March 1939) was an English archaeologist and Egyptologist, noted as a primary discoverer of the tomb of Tutankhamun.

In 1891, at the age of 17, Carter, a talented young artist, was sent out to Egypt by the Egypt Exploration Fund to assist Percy Newberry in the excavation and recording of Middle Kingdom tombs at Beni Hassan. Even at that young age he was innovative in improving the methods of copying tomb decoration. In 1892 he worked under the tutelage of William Matthew Flinders Petrie for one season at Amarna, the capital founded by the pharaoh Akhenaten. From 1894 to 1899 he then worked with Edouard Naville at Deir el Bahri where he recorded the wall reliefs in the temple of Hatshepsut, the first female Pharoah.

In 1899, Carter was appointed the first chief inspector of the Egyptian Antiquities Service (EAS). He supervised a number of excavations at Thebes (now known as Luxor) before he was transferred in 1904 to the Inspectorate of Lower Egypt. Carter resigned from the Antiquities Service in 1905 as a result of a dispute between Egyptian site guards and a group of French tourists.

Howard Carter

Howard Carter
Born 9 May 1874(1874-05-09)
Kensington, London
Died 2 March 1939 (aged 64)
Kensington, London
Nationality English
Fields Archaeologist and Egyptologist
Known for Discovery of the tomb of Tutankhamun

 

Note:

www.globalegyptianmuseum.org   Egyptian Museum, Cairo, Egypt 

www.britishmuseum.org  The British Museum, London, England 

www.metmuseum.org    The Metreopolitan Museum of Art, New York, USA

IMAGE from Google

Leave a comment

Filed under Egypt

King TUT!!!!!!!!! Born in Arizona, Got a Condo Made Of Stone-a, King Tut!

” A Pale Green Mermaid Blog “

 

 KING TUTANKHAMUN 18TH DYNASTY,

King Tut (King Tut)
Now when he was a young man,
He never thought he’d see
People stand in line to see the boy king.

(King Tut) How’d you get so funky?
(funky Tut) Did you do the monkey?
Born in Arizona,
Moved to Babylonia (king Tut).

(king Tut) Now, if I’d known
they’d line up just to see him,
I’d trade in all my money
And bought me a museum. (king Tut)

Buried with a donkey (funky Tut)
He’s my favorite honkey!
Born in Arizona,
Moved to Babylonia (king Tut)

Dancin’ by the Nile, (Disco Tut)
The ladies love his style, (boss Tut)
Rockin’ for a mile (rockin’ Tut)
He ate a crocodile.

He gave his life for tourism.
Golden idol!
He’s an Egyptian
They’re sellin’ you.

Now, when I die,
now don’t think I’m a nut,
don’t want no fancy funeral,
Just one like ole king Tut. (king Tut)

He coulda won a Grammy,
Buried in his Jammies,
Born in Arizona, moved to Babylonia,
He was born in Arizona, got a condo made of stone-a,
King Tut!

LYRICS BY STEVE MARTIN

 

Note:

www.globalegyptianmuseum.org   Egyptian Museum, Cairo, Egypt 

www.britishmuseum.org  The British Museum, London, England 

www.metmuseum.org    The Metreopolitan Museum of Art, New York, USA

 

 

 

IMAGE from Google

 

Leave a comment

Filed under Egypt

Gallery Chat Special – A Walk Through King Tut’s Tomb With Howard Carter / Uno

” A Pale Green Mermaid Blog “

 

To celebrate the SNOW, PGM is presenting a series that will recreate Howard Carter’s walk through the first days of discovery and opening of King Tut’s tomb in Egypt…

it started with a seal –

 

 

This was all that lay between Tutankhamun’s treasures and the outside world.

The seal was stamped with the necropolis seal, consisting of a jackal over nine bound captives.  See detail below,

 The necropolis Seal with a Jackel (Anibus) at the top and nine, bound captives below.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Once the seal was broken they entered the Tomb releasing air that was 3,000 years old.

 

 

 

To be continued…

 

Note:

www.globalegyptianmuseum.org   Egyptian Museum, Cairo, Egypt 

www.britishmuseum.org  The British Museum, London, England 

www.metmuseum.org    The Metreopolitan Museum of Art, New York, USA

 

Images from Google

Leave a comment

Filed under Egypt